Entertainment venues and hotels sprung up in nearby Hyde Park and Woodlawn too, some of which would evolve into major resort destinations through the midth century.
Over 27 million people equivalent to about half the U. Another part of the answer was provided by negative example through exhibits and concessions arranged along the Midway Plaisance, a mile-long avenue that ran at a right angle to the White City and blended education with amusement.
And both sought ways to make the Chicago fair distinctive. It was a historical moment and the beginning of a revolution, as Nikola Tesla and George Westinghouse introduced the public to electrical power by illuminating the exposition.
And the building that had housed delegates to world's congresses would become the Art Institute of Chicago. But the fair, through its racist policies, had already helped pave the way for national acceptance of the separate-but-equal doctrine that would become the law of the land in SharpeTomoko Masuzawaand others, the event was considered radical at the time, since it allowed non-Christian faiths to speak on their own behalf; it was not taken seriously by European scholars until the s.
It lifted the spirits of over 20 million people who paid to visit the exposition just as the Panic of hit. The vision of unity so important to a fractured America found its first and most obvious expression in the pristine whiteness and logical construction of the 14 "great buildings" of the Fair, particularly the Court of Honor.
A smallpox epidemic that originated at the fair in midsummer spread throughout the city by early autumn. The documents that follow present the history of the Columbian Exposition in relation to the history of Chicago. That these visions of beauty were only architectural models, temporary Beaux-Arts facades, was not of concern.
The Court of Honor buildings-- surrounding the Grand Basin with its massive gilded statue of the Republic--were covered with "staff," or stucco, giving the main buildings a magnificent whiteness and dazzling visitors who arrived at the rail terminal just outside the Fair's gates.
When Root died of pneumonia early in the planning process, Burnham took control of the architectural planning of the Fair.