A history of the tokugawa shogunate of japan

In external pressure combined with growing internal unrest and led to the overthrow of the Tokugawa shogun and the restoration of the Meiji Emperor. A study found that peasant rebellions and collective desertion "flight" lowered tax rates and inhibited state growth in the Tokugawa shogunate.

The emphasis placed on agricultural production by the Tokugawa shogunate encouraged considerable growth in that economic sector.

tokugawa shogunate map

The name first appeared sometime during the classical Heian period—, when the Imperial Kyoto court was still attempting to assert control over the archipelago, some inhabitants of which were considered barbarians. Baku is an abbreviation of bakufu, meaning "military government"—that is, the shogunate.

With peace restored, many samurai became bureaucrats or took up a trade.

Tokugawa clan

Courtesy of the Philadelphia Museum of Art, given by Mrs. The dominant faith of the Tokugawa period was Confucianism, a relatively conservative religion with a strong emphasis on loyalty and duty. From onward, Japan started to participate actively in foreign trade. In addition, Japan regularly experienced natural disasters and years of famine that caused riots and further financial problems for the central government and the daimyo. Ieyasu continued to promote foreign trade. The most important philosophy of Tokugawa Japan was Neo- Confucianism , stressing the importance of morals, education and hierarchical order in the government and society: A strict four class system existed during the Edo period: at the top of the social hierarchy stood the samurai , followed by the peasants, artisans and merchants. The peace and stability of the Tokugawa period, and the economic development it fostered, set the stage for the rapid modernization that took place after the Meiji Restoration. None, however, proved compelling enough to seriously challenge the established order until the arrival of foreign powers. Arrival of the Americans Although they employed some heavy-handed tactics, the Tokugawa shoguns presided over a long period of peace and relative prosperity in Japan. However, the trade remained very limited until the Meiji restoration in Growing trade between the various regions of the country led many daimyo to rebel against centralized control from Kyoto , and in the Onin War launched the period known to Japanese as the Sengoku, or the Warring States period. Moreover, in issuing these orders, the Tokugawa shogunate officially adopted a policy of national seclusion. They also took on additional responsibilities such as supervising religious affairs and controlling firearms.

They conferred on especially important matters. It is at the end of the Edo period and preceded the Meiji era.

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Japanese History