An explanation of the immaterial soul theory

Article addressing the issues of the primitive notions and how this theory should be used to explain mind-body causal interaction to Elizabeth. Perhaps, soul theorists might urge, such cases would involve unacceptable violations of Natural Law. So what if the soul is not a substance or object at all, but rather itself a property? This affinity between the two texts indicates that the union of mind and body results in one complete substance or being through itself. Endorsing the second horn plainly renders the soul theory unnecessary. If one is punished for doing something which one does not remember doing, it is equivalent to being created miserable. Oxford: Clarendon Press. If one could not pause to consider, and change one's mind about what one was going to do, it might well be said that one could not do otherwise. Locke, J.

For example, they might prefer such a view because only a soul theory can secure life after bodily death. For it is never correct to anticipate, as happening to oneself, what will happen to someone else, is it?

immaterial spirit

It would seem that a soul theory cannot offer a principled reason to answer one way or the other—and it cannot, as I argue in the next section, comfortably avail itself of the kinds of replies that non-soul theorists have offered.

Suppose a body bearing A1 fissures into two distinct bodies, each seemingly bearing qualitatively identical soul tropes A2 and A3. He then goes on to distinguish the notions of mind and body: Then, as regards body in particular, we have only the notion of extension, which entails the notions of shape and motion; and as regards the soul on its own, we have only the notion of thought, which includes the perceptions of the intellect and the inclinations of the will AT III CSMK Thus it would seem open that, while soul substances may persist throughout the process of taking on or losing mental properties, those underlying substances can themselves change too.

This is the first article in Anglo-American scholarship to address the issue of mind-body union. We cannot even know in our own case that we have had a single soul throughout our lives. But surely you are more than that, fundamentally more than that. Samuel Clarke, for example, a student of Newton's and an orthodox Anglican theologian, engaged in a debate by correspondence or rather public pamphlet with Anthony Collins over this issue between and The Soul, The Journal of Philosophy, On this view, there may be multiple numerically distinct individuals occupying the same body; fission cases simply reveal where these space-time worms diverge. Science and Christian Belief. Of course, the latter two possibilities result in the arguably unattractive consequences that the individuals either become insane or die. John Cottingham, Oxford: Clarendon Press, With that said, let us turn to the first horn. Locke's account of personal identity turned out to be revolutionary. Unger, P. As a result, Descartes could not legitimately reach the conclusion that mind and body are completely different.

But perhaps God need not hew to either of these broad approaches to identity. This would mean that, since extension is part of the nature of mind, it would, being an extended thing, be composed of parts and, therefore, it would be divisible.

immaterial meaning

What I mean, strictly speaking, is that a soul is paired with or related to that body. The only option for the proponent of the soul theory is the first horn of this dilemma.

Although the scholastic-Aristotelian interpretation avoids the traditional causal interaction problem based on the requirements of contact and motion, it does run up against another version of that problem, namely, a problem of formal causation.

immaterial soul definition

It is the continuation of the same functional organization and thus the same life which is the criterion of identity for sameness of living thing, be it an oak or a horse. If Clarke is right, Locke even on the weaker interpretation I am proposing would be wrong.

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Descartes, Rene: Mind