Archetype and odysseus

Archetypes are recurring patterns of behavior, thoughts, images, that other objects and patterns of thought and behavior consistently emulate and reproduce.

He is the clever clown who uses irony and laughter to undermine the apparent seriousness and strict dogmatism of the established social order. For a character to be royal and not suffer seems a bit unfair, right? An Introduction. He has strengths and faults as we all do. Science, Myth and the Trickster. Odysseus is an appropriate hero because he embodies the values of bravery, intelligence, astuteness, and competency. Book IX, p. Why does this archetype appear in so many forms in a multitude of myths including The Odyssey , stories, poems and motion pictures throughout human history? Thus, ethics to Aristotle is not just a theoretical model but a practical endeavor.

However, he does not feel or ever exhibit any moral pain, guilt, self-doubt or self-criticism. Revealing his identity to the interlopers looking to take his throne is quite the parallel to the story of the Cyclops.

The Trickster appears in the Bible as Satan who tricks Adam and Eve into tasting the forbidden fruit as well as David who uses his wits and cleverness to defeat a larger and stronger Goliath. Homer gives us a solid understanding of the character of Odysseus, showing us both his admirable and less than admirable traits. He is faced with many obstacles, and his home is being destroyed Odysseus learned from his mistake and kept his hubris in check for the remainder of the story. He enjoys great food and sex with the nymphs and goddesses although seemingly he longs for his beloved Penelope. He knows neither good nor 4 evil yet he is responsible for both. The point is, our protagonist is human like us, not superhuman.

He possesses no values, social or moral, is at the mercy of his passions and appetites, yet through his actions all values come into being. Book IX, p.

Archetype and odysseus

The other tool to understanding it is familiarity with Modernist thought and theory, as framed in the wake of World War I Science, Myth and the Trickster.

Odysseus is the master of trickery and uses it constantly to his advantage in order to come out on top of large and strong but not so smart and cunning opponents.

Barnaby, Karin. It also makes sense that the Trickster, whatever form he assumes, is never perfect or ideal but is actually quite far from it. As such he advises us about all mankind, including ourselves. He changes his appearance and transforms himself on numerous occasions with the help of the gods or on his own accord in order to reach certain goals while remaining unnoticed or unrecognized. How can this help us improve our probabilities of attaining our goals. The relationship between two principle characters in Ulysses, Leopold Bloom as a sonless father and Stephen Dedalus as a fatherless son parallels the circumstances of Odysseus and Telemachus. Odysseus is a poster child for perseverance. He can show 14 disrespect for sacred powers, sacred beings, and the center of sacredness itself, the High God, not so much in defiance as in a new ordering of their limits.

Indeed Odysseus constantly and unnecessarily engages in risky behavior causing pain, suffering, and often times - death to everyone who comes in contact with him, not only his adversaries but his friends and companions as well. An Introduction. The trickster is usually a god, a semi-god, an anthropomorphic animal, a spirit, a shape-shifting hero who is clever, cunning, and who uses his smarts and his wiliness to play tricks on others to get his way, to overcome the challenges and survive the dangers of the world.

hero archetype

He continues to overcome obstacles placed in his way, and there are many of them. He is the Joker of the playing cards.

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