Ancient Roman remainings[ change change source ] The time of Ancient Greece and Romewhen there were many philosopherswriterspainterssculptorsarchitects and mathematicians was seen by people as a Golden Agea time when things were beautiful, well-organised and well-run. They were fascinated by everything that they saw.
As a result, a new form of Christianity , known as Protestantism, was created. Some writers date the Renaissance quite precisely; one proposed starting point is , when the rival geniuses Lorenzo Ghiberti and Filippo Brunelleschi competed for the contract to build the bronze doors for the Baptistery of the Florence Cathedral Ghiberti won, Brunelleschi was second. Many young Hungarians studying at Italian universities came closer to the Florentine humanist center, so a direct connection with Florence evolved. It was not just the growing awareness of classical antiquity that drove this development, according to Vasari, but also the growing desire to study and imitate nature. This analysis argues that, whereas the great European states France and Spain were absolutist monarchies, and others were under direct Church control, the independent city republics of Italy took over the principles of capitalism invented on monastic estates and set off a vast unprecedented commercial revolution which preceded and financed the Renaissance. The Renaissance began in northern Italy in the early s. The new Italian trend combined with existing national traditions to create a particular local Renaissance art. Renaissance art was characterized by realism and naturalism. There may be a section of entablature between the capital and the springing of the arch.
Italian Humanists[ edit ] Francesco Petrarch — was an Italian scholar, poet, and early humanist. The Southern Renaissance saw far fewer universities, while the Northern Renaissance saw more universities and education.
The paintings of the Italian Renaissance differed from those of the Northern Renaissance. Although in practice these were oligarchical, and bore little resemblance to a modern democracy, they did have democratic features and were responsive states, with forms of participation in governance and belief in liberty.
European renaissance and reformation
Raphael [ edit ] Raphael was a famous painter and architect during the Renaissance. For all but exceptional individuals and a few marginal groups, the standards of behaviour continued to arise from traditional social and moral codes. Finally, the older view of the Renaissance centred too exclusively on Italy , and within Italy on a few cities— Florence , Venice , and Rome. Although the family ruled over what might be, in theory, considered the most powerful country in Europe, the French monarchs had little control over their vassals, and many parts of France functioned as though they were independent states. In addition, the concept of civic humanism arose, which advocated participation in government. Today, every particular of this formula is under suspicion if not altogether repudiated. The wealth such business brought to Italy meant large public and private artistic projects could be commissioned and individuals had more leisure time for study.
The result of this was an overall decrease in trade. Only priests and well-educated people read Latin then.
In this sense, the book was not about religion, but rather about people, a relatively new concept at the time. Andrew built by Alberti in Mantua.
To answer the increased need for labor, workers traveled in search of the most favorable position economically. Most books at that time were written in LatinGreek, and Roman which was used in the Catholic Church. England[ edit ] Edward IV began the restoration of royal authority, but the strengthening of the crown gained momentum only after the Tudor family came to power.
The most powerful vassals of the French kings were the Plantagenet dynasty of England, who, through their Angevin ancestry, ruled large parts of western France.
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