Medical and social models of disability essay

The medical model thinks the way to solve the disability would be through things such as surgery, physio etc. Firstly, I will note the definition of what a model of disability is and point to its relevance in disability studies.

Medical and social models of disability essay

Both are used to label those who have impairments. Something that is to be treated, mitigated or even cured. We identified several venues, e. Abberley as cited in Barnes and Mercer supports the view that in order to address the problem of social exclusion, it is necessary to develop theoretical perspectives that express the standpoint of disabled people. This led to stereotyping and defining people by condition or limitations. It is not seen as an issue to concern anyone other than the individual affected. Essay Topic: Model , Models The medical model: is presented as viewing disability as a problem of the person, directly caused by disease, trauma, or other health condition which therefore requires sustained medical care provided in the form of individual treatment by professionals. Hewett, G. The social model focuses on fixing the society to fit in with impairments which was introduced alongside the disability movement. Hence, the management of the problem requires social action and is the collective responsibility of society at large to make the environmental modifications necessary for the full participation of people with disabilities in all areas of social life. While both views of what disability means have their merits, not one interpretation is universally accepted.

In my research I have come across many contrasts between the Social and Medical Models and here is just some of what I have found out. Want to talk to someone?

Social model of care

You may also be interested in the following: charity model of disability How to cite this page Choose cite format:. In this model, disability is not an attribute of an individual, but rather a complex collection of conditions, many of which are created by the social environment. The medical model of disability says people are disabled by their impairments or differences. For example, the disability may be seen as a result of bad actions of parents if congenital, or as a result of practising witchcraft if not. Medical model;-- Weaknesses;-- There are many weaknesses of the medical model. This model draws on the idea that it is society that disables people, through designing everything to meet the needs of the majority of people who are not disabled. I find myself aligning more with the thought that both models have to exist in order for the full understanding of disability to come into view. Medical model;-- Weaknesses;-- There are many weaknesses of the medical model. In other words, I do not completely agree nor disagree with either model. They expect disabled people to change to fit into society. The social model is more inclusive in its approach.

Both are used to label those who have impairments. Respecting their individuality and uniqueness is paramount. The social model focuses on fixing the society to fit in with impairments which was introduced alongside the disability movement.

social model of disability essay

Ask a person that is disabled and they may give you a view that is based on the social model of disability. The social model of disability excludes disabled people In the medical model, disability is assumed to be a way to characterize a particular set of largely static, functional limitations.

You may also be interested in the following: charity model of disability How to cite this page Choose cite format:. Consequently, what this act of labelling 3.

For most of the 20th century, disability was defined according to a medical model.

Rated 9/10 based on 33 review
Download
Social Model vs Medical Model of disability