Blood is injected into the body to increase the number of red blood cells. Scientists hypothesize that the number of stem cells that exist in a muscle might be determined by their need.
It has been shown that overexpression of IGF1 and its protein product combined with increased resistance training induced greater muscle hypertrophy [ 24 ].
The athlete will often train at altitude before he or she removes some of their blood. Biochemical methods involve the use of chemical carriers, which form complexes with nucleic acids to neutralize their negative charge.
With this in mind, should everything be done fairly among individuals in the world. Gene Doping is considered highly illegal in most sports even though there has never been any known incident of an athlete using it.
The problem with doping is where one draws the line.