The purpose and political function of affirmative action

affirmative action programs

The commercial that got the most attention nationally featured the hands of a White male crumbling a job application, with the voice-over stating that although the White applicant needed the job, it was given to a lesser qualified minority because of a racial preference.

Weber who was refused admission to an on-the-job training program at the Kaiser Aluminum Company plant at which he worked, although he had higher seniority than some of the minority workers who were accepted.

The rise in geographic, economic and demographic diversity of a student population suggests that the plan's focus on structural determinants of disadvantage yields broad diversity dividends.

These political actors often speak and act as if they know what the American people think about affirmative action. Although the plaintiffs lost in a lower court decision, they won their case when it reached the U.

affirmative action examples

While affirmative action is promoted by some Americans as a necessary policy to compensate for centuries of exclusion and discrimination, others say that it is discrimination simply disguised under a new label, but with different groups getting the preferential treatment, this time the minorities and women.

This study showed no real negative effects in enrollment after the prohibition of affirmative action.

Affirmative action definition

Racial polarization is seen as characterizing the dominant views of both groups, and there are survey data to support this view. In the case Plessy vs. All three questions make reference to past discrimination; but the respondent is left to infer independently whether the question is about slavery or blatant pre-Civil Rights discrimination. With the question so-framed, a clear majority of voters voted not to eliminate affirmative action. University of Michigan and Grutter v. Federal Bureaucracy has been left where it belongs, in Washington. Two years after the decision to moot in DeFunis, the Court again took up the issue of special preferences in higher education in the case of Regents of the University of California v. The case involved a company where two White employees who had been charged with theft were fired, while a Black employee similarly charged had been retained. DeFunis was an important case, however, because of a dissenting opinion against the decision to moot by Justice William O.

Organizational leaders, college presidents, corporate executives, and state and local gov- Page Share Cite Suggested Citation:" Atonio U. Some people say that because of past discrimination against Blacks, preference in hiring and promotion should be given to Blacks.

But the practices of affirmative action in the workplace and in universities is not based giving preferred treatment to minorities by stigmatizing whites, but by picking minorities over whites when two applicants are almost equal.

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AFFIRMATIVE ACTION